On this page you will find the reason(s) I believe marijuana is illegal here in America, please click on the hyperlink below and you will read a legal arguement that supports everything I say!




A lot of people including pro-legalization activist don't like to hear what I'm about to say:


"The core reason, (the Genesis) of "marijuana's illegality in America" today is because of mid-evil European Christian Superstitions/beliefs about "cannabis”, Industrial Conspiracies and outright "RACISM"; that have been passed from continent to continent, pulpit to pulpit, generation to generation and eventually being turned into laws that the U.S. Government forces everyone (including other countries) to conform too. These laws are in reality nothing but ridiculous beliefs, that even non-Christians are forced to follow in a country that proclaims "RELIGIOUS FREEDOM".  The “marijuana prohibition” is proof that the principal of “FREEDOM OF RELIGION” in AMERICA is a self serving CHRISTIAN MYTH."


(Example See: letter from JUDGE LIHOTZ )

Despite Burlington County Judge Lihotz's threat I do as I promise, I engage in a "FREEDOM of RELIGION" demonstration at the Liberty Bell on 12/20/2004.




The Catholic Church was founded in the 3rd century AD in what was called the Council of Nicaea which formed the development of the Catholic doctrine of the TRINITY. This council consisted of religious persons from all over Europe, noticeably missing were the Christians from AFRICA who first founded CHRISTIANITY. At this council the ancient use of "HERBS" as a sacrament was banned and the grape was made to be the sacrament of Christianity. Even though JESUS CHRIST himself used "HERBS".(See: JESUS )

It wasn't until POPE INNOCENT V111 in the late 1400's that people were killed for using "herbs" in the name of RELIGIOUS RIGHTEOUSNESS.




The first ban on Marijuana was a "CHRISTIAN" religious ban, (A BULL).

Pope Innocent V111 (1484) decreed "cannabis" an unholy herb, Satan’s weed, herb of heathens, weed of the satanic masses etc., etc. This BULL is responsible for the Spanish inquisition as well as the "WITCH-HUNTS" of
Europe in the late 1400's and early 1500's. The heathens and satanic followers he was referring to were the "Arabs" and "Africans" who Europeans regarded as the evil occupiers of the holy lands of the BIBLE. This "POPE" edits were used as reasons to launch a crusade against the "Turks". Millions of people died as a result of this so-called religious ban. Prior to Hitler this individual rightfully was considered the deadliest human in world history.

Today's right wing fundamentalist Christian conservatives (politicians), lead the charge in the witch hunt like U.S. WAR on "herb-users". The entire U.S. "WAR ON DRUGS" is driven by a "FUNDAMENTALIST CHRISTIAN" sense of morality that see's substances not acceptable to them as "EVIL"!




The African continent is probably the zone showing the widest prevalence of "marijuana use". When white men first went to Africa, marijuana was part of the native way of life. Africa was a continent of marijuana cultures where marijuana was an integral part of religious ceremony. The Africans were observed inhaling the smoke from piles of smoldering hemp. Some of these piles had been placed upon altars. The Africans also utilized pipes. The African Dagga (marijuana) cults believed that Holy Cannabis was brought to earth by the gods. (Throughout the ancient world Ethiopia was considered the home of the gods.) 

In south central Africa, marijuana is held to be sacred and is connected with many religious and social customs. Marijuana is regarded by some sects as a magic plant possessing universal protection against all injury to life, and is symbolic of peace and friendship. Certain tribes consider hemp use a duty. The earliest evidence for cannabis smoking in Africa outside of Egypt comes from fourteenth century Ethiopia, where two ceramic smoking-pipes bowls containing traces of excavation. In many parts of East Africa, especially near Lake Victoria (the source for the Nile), hemp smoking and hashish snuffing cults still exist. 


In the year 1457, the Christian Council of Cardinals met in Holland and sanctioned, as a RIGHTEOUS and progressive idea, the enslavement of Africans for the purpose of their conversion to the Christian faith (civilization). "One of the reasons cited was their supposedly "devilish" use of the witches-weed". Through the years of the U.S. institution of slavery (1619-1865), white "CHRISTIANS" forced Africans to be Christians and abandon the native DAGGA RELIGIONS of AFRICA.

80% of AFRICAN-AMERICANS still follow the faith of CHRISTIANITY forced onto us thru slavery but those like myself who have chosen to follow traditional African based faiths have found that our faiths are illegal to practice! Thus my troubles with the law!


Cannabis/hash is still widely smoked in the middle-east and Africa, while U.S. Christian politicians still “force this ridiculous ban on the whole world”. This amounts to nothing more than a "RACIST" inspired religious (Christian) Superstition!! The Superstitions that fueled the witch-hunts of Europe also caused similar horrors here in America. The Salem witch trials were started over a Caribbean-slave who used "HERBS" and was said to be in contact with the devil. Today Politicans like ATTORNEY GENERAL ASHCROFT in the name of Jesus’ and Christianity wages “WAR” on people who use the sacrament “MARIJUANA”.




Shortly before marijuana was banned by The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, new technologies were developed that made hemp a potential competitor with the newly-founded synthetic fiber and plastics industries. Hemp's potential for producing paper also posed a threat to the timber industry (see New Billion-Dollar Crop). Evidence suggests that commercial investor's (Dupont-Mellon-Hearst) having much to lose from hemp competition helped propagate reefer madness hysteria, and used their influence to lobby for Marijuana Prohibition. It is not known for certain if special interests conspired to destroy the hemp industry via Marijuana Prohibition, but enough evidence exists that it is more than just a mere possibility.  



After Alcohol Prohibition in the USA, Mr. Anslinger decided to wage a war of misinformation on the use of Cannabis. Why?

For whatever reason, he disregarded an official report declaring that Marijuana seemed to have no ill-effects.  Ignoring the more obvious social menaces of Cocaine and Heroin, Anslinger declared war on the "powerful narcotic Marihuana".


RACIST ADS (click-here)







Marijuana was popularized in America in the 20s and 30s on the American jazz scene, where blacks and whites sat down together as equals and shared "joints". The racist anti-marijuana propaganda of the time used this crumbling of racial barriers as an example of the degradation caused by the devil's weed. Harry Anslinger, head of the newly formed narcotics division, warned the middle-class about blacks and whites dancing together in Tea houses, using blatant prejudice to sell prohibition. Reefer madness was born from the hysteria generated then. 

After Alcohol Prohibition ended in 1933, funding for the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (now the Drug Enforcement Administration) was reduced. The FBN's own director, Harry J. Anslinger, (nephew of Mr. Mellon) then became a leading advocate of Marijuana Prohibition. In 1937 Anslinger testified before Congress in favor of Marijuana Prohibition by saying: "Marijuana is the most violence causing drug in the history of mankind." "Most marijuana smokers are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes." Marijuana Prohibition is founded on lies and rooted in racism, prejudice, and ignorance. HARRY ANSLINGER USED RACISM TO CONVINCE POLITICIANS THAT MARIJUANA WAS BAD, BY ASSOCIATING its USE WITH MINORITIES. THE (MTA) WAS AS MUCH A JIM CROW LAW AS OTHER DISENFRANCHISMENT LAWS WERE AT THE TIME ( SEGRATION-OPPRESSION) Just as politicians believed Harry J. Anslinger to be a marijuana expert in 1937, many people still believe law enforcement officials are marijuana experts. In reality, law enforcement officials have no expert knowledge of marijuana's medical or health effects, but they do represent an industry that receives billions of tax dollars to enforce Marijuana Prohibition. Many law enforcement know the consequence's of legalization - their jobs. It's no wonder they continue to spread outright lie's about marijuana. 

Before the government began promoting reefer madness hysteria during the 1930s, the word marijuana was a Mexican word that was totally absent from the American vocabulary. In the 1930s, Americans knew that hemp was a common, useful, and harmless crop. It is extremely unlikely anyone would have believed hemp was dangerous, or would have believed stories of hemp madness. Thus, the words marijuana and reefer were substituted for the word hemp in order to frighten the public into supporting Hemp Prohibition. Very few people realized that marijuana and hemp came from the same plant species; thus, virtually nobody knew that Marijuana Prohibition would destroy the hemp industry. 

Bolstering the theory that marijuana was banned to destroy the hemp industry, two articles were written on the eve of Marijuana Prohibition that claim hemp was on the verge of becoming a super crop. These articles appeared in two well-respected magazines that are still published today. The articles are: 

Flax and Hemp (Mechanical Engineering, Feb. 1937)

New Billion-Dollar Crop (Popular Mechanics, Feb. 1938)

This was the first time that billion dollar was used to describe the value of a crop. These articles praise the usefulness and potential of hemp by stating "hemp can be used to produce more than 25,000 products" and "hemp will prove, for both farmer and public, the most profitable and desirable crop that can be grown." Marijuana Prohibition took effect within one year after both these articles were written. 

100% natural







Today the legal foundation of the government's fight against the use of "MARIJUANA" and other substances is through the ControlledSubstances Act ( CSA ).  The act was established by Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, which regulates the manufacture and distribution of narcotics, according to the United States Drug Enforcement Agency ( DEA ).  "The CSA places all substances that are regulated under existing federal law into one of five schedules. 

This placement is based on the substance's medicinal value, harmfulness and potential for abuse or addiction. Many people claim marijuana was placed in schedule 1 for political reasons. (SEE NIXON) 


Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (Controlled Substance Act of 1970)-- Specifically stated that drugs under act were now under Federal jurisdiction and dealt with both narcotics and other "dangerous" drugs. 

Contrary to previous acts, this one was to control drugs directly, not through taxes.  Restrictions were to be based on:
1) pharmacological actions
2) other scientific knowledge about it and related drugs.
3) risk to public health
4) dependence (psychic or physiologic) potential
5) whether the drug was a pre-curser for other drugs listed.
Alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine were excluded.

Schedule I is reserved for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use, while Schedule V is the classification used for the least dangerous drugs," according to the DEA," according to the administration.  In 1985, the Pentagon spent approximately $40 million on interdiction, and by 1990, the General Accounting Office reported that the military's efforts have had no discernible impact on the flow of drugs, as reported by the Schaffer Library.  The Office of National Drug Control predicts that although the Pentagon's efforts some 17 years ago showed no impact on the flow of drugs, the federal government will spend approximately $19.2 billion at a rate of about $609 per second on the war on drugs, with state and local governments spending at least another $20 billion. 



In the early 60s cannabis was once again popularized by poetic non-conformist beatniks (hippies). Pot helped to open the eyes of the youth and change the values of a whole generation of flower children that questioned the value of dis-crimination, war and the sanity of global pollution. In response President Nixon declared a Drug War upon the flower children, anti-war movement and the Civil-rights movements because of their threatening tendencies toward peace, equality and their ubiquitous sacramental incense, marijuana.  


President Nixon on Pot



Thirty years ago the United States came to a critical juncture in the drug war.  A Nixon-appointed presidential commission had recommended that marijuana use not be a criminal offense under state or federal law.  But Nixon himself, based on his zealous personal preferences, overruled the commission's research and doomed marijuana to its current illegal status. 

This newly revealed information comes from declassified tapes of Oval Office conversations from 1971 and 1972, which show Nixon's aggressive anti-drug stance putting him directly at odds against many of his close advisors. 

Transcripts of the tape, and a report based on them, are available at:

Congress, when it passed the Controlled Substances Act in 1970, temporarily labeled marijuana a "Schedule I substance" -- a flatly illegal drug with no approved medical purposes.  But Congress acknowledged that it did not know enough about marijuana to permanently relegate it to Schedule I, and so they created a presidential commission to review the research and recommend a long-term strategy.  President Nixon got to appoint the bulk of the commissioners. 

Not surprisingly, he loaded it with drug warriors.  Nixon appointed Raymond Shafer, former Republican Governor of Pennsylvania, as Chairman.  As a former prosecutor, Shafer had a "law and order," drug warrior reputation.  Nixon also appointed nine Commissioners, including the dean of a law school, the head of a mental health hospital, and a retired Chicago police captain.  Along with the Nixon appointees, two senators and two congressmen from each party served on the Commission. 

The Shafer Commission -- officially known as the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse -- took its job seriously.  They launched fifty research projects, polled the public and members of the criminal justice community, and took thousands of pages of testimony.  Their work is still the most comprehensive review of marijuana ever conducted by the federal government. 

After reviewing all the evidence, these drug warriors were forced to come to a different conclusion than they had at first expected.  Rather than harshly condemning marijuana, they started talking about legalization.  When Nixon heard such talk, he quickly denounced the Commission -- months before it issued its report. 

As a result of Nixon's public rebuke, Shafer met with the President.  The Commission was upset, and the purpose of the meeting was to reassure them.  But Nixon didn't budge.  Instead, he warned Shafer to get control of his commission and avoid looking like a "bunch of do-gooders" who are "soft on marijuana." He warned Shafer that the Commission would "look bad as hell" if it came out with recommendations different from the direction of Congress and the President. 

During their meeting, Shafer reassured the President that he would not support "legalization," even though there were some on the Commission who did.  He told Nixon they were looking for a unanimous recommendation.  Nixon warned Shafer that he "had very strong feelings" on marijuana.  Nixon and Shafer also discussed Shafer's potential appointment to a federal judgeship. 

But in the end, the Shafer Commission issued a report that tried to correct the "extensive degree of misinformation," to "demythologize" and "desymbolize" marijuana.  They reported finding that marijuana did not cause crime or aggression, lead to harder drug use or create significant biochemical, mental or physical abnormalities.  They concluded: "Marihuana's relative potential for harm to the vast majority of individual users and its actual impact on society does not justify a social policy designed to seek out and firmly punish those who use it." 

The most important recommendation of the Commission was the decriminalization of possession or non-profit transfer of marijuana.  Decriminalization meant there would be no punishment -- criminal or civil - -- under state or federal law. 

Nixon reacted strongly to the report.  In a recorded conversation on March 21, the day before the Commission released its report, Nixon said, "We need, and I use the word 'all out war,' on all fronts ...  we have to attack on all fronts." Nixon and his advisors went on to plan a speech about why he opposed marijuana legalization, and proposed that he do "a drug thing every week" during the 1972 presidential election year.  Nixon wanted a "Goddamn strong statement about marijuana ...  that just tears the ass out of them." 

Shafer was never appointed to the federal court. 

Nixon's private comments about marijuana showed he was the epitome of misinformation and prejudice.  He believed marijuana led to hard drugs, despite the evidence to the contrary.  He saw marijuana as tied to "radical demonstrators." He believed that "the Jews," especially "Jewish psychiatrists" were behind advocacy for legalization, asking advisor Bob Haldeman, "What the Christ is the matter with the Jews, Bob?" He made a bizarre distinction between marijuana and alcohol, saying people use marijuana "to get high" while "a person drinks to have fun." 

He also saw marijuana as part of the culture war that was destroying the United States, and claimed that Communists were using it as a weapon.  "Homosexuality, dope, immorality in general," Nixon fumed.  "These are the enemies of strong societies.  That's why the Communists and the left-wingers are pushing the stuff, they're trying to destroy us." His approach drug education was just a simplistic: "Enforce the law.  You've got to scare them." 

Unfortunately, Nixon did more than just "scare them," whoever they were.  His marijuana war rhetoric led to a dramatic increase in arrests.  One year after his "all out war" comments, marijuana arrests jumped to 420,700 a year -- a full 128,000 more than the year before.  Since then, nearly 15 million people have been arrested for marijuana offenses. 

For thirty years, the United States has taken the path of Nixon's prejudice and ignored the experts.  We now have the largest prison population in world history, and drug problems are no closer to solved.  Indeed, plenty of evidence indicates that drug-related problems are worse than ever. 

It did not have to be this way.  At the same time that the Shafer Commission issued its report, the Bain Commission in Holland issued a report that made similar findings and recommendations.  In Holland, they followed the advice of their experts.  Thirty years later Holland has half the per-capita marijuana use as the U.S., far fewer drug-related problems and spends much less on drug enforcement.  With statistics like that, it's no wonder that most of Europe is going Dutch.  Just last week a British Commission issued a Shafer-like report, indicating that the moving in the Dutch direction. 

It is not too late for the move to a more sensible path.  We are approaching three quarters of a million marijuana arrests annually.  Every year that the U.S.fails to adopt a policy based on research, science and facts we destroy millions of lives and tear apart millions of families. 

Where will we be in another thirty years if we don't change course and make peace in the marijuana war? Now that we know the war's roots are rotten -- and after we've lived through the decades of damage and failure it has produced -- we should face the facts.  The thirty-year- old recommendations of the Shafer Commission are a good place to start. 

Kevin Zeese is the president of Common Sense for Drug Policy


(August 19th, 2002 - Janurary 25th, 2003)